Discover the fascinating & rich history of the country of Holland, also known as The Netherlands.

Oranjemolen (Orange Mill) in Vlissingen
History of Holland
A windmill (Oranjemolen) on a dyke in Vlissingen (Flushing) in The Netherlands.
More information about this photo: A windmill (Oranjemolen) on a dyke in Vlissingen (Flushing) in The NetherlandsWindmill Oranjemolen on dyke in Vlissingen, Zeeland

 







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History of Holland

   
Holland Short Information Sheet:

It can't be said for sure who were the first inhbitants of what we now call Holland or The Netherlands. They seem to have lived mostly in the nothern part of the country, what is now the province of Friesland.


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The Romans in The Netherlands

Julius Caesar found the Lowlands inhabited by Germanic tribes the Nervii, Frisii, and Batavi. The Batavi on the Roman frontier did not submit to Rome's rule until 13 B.C., and then only as allies.

Charlemagne (Charles the Great)

The Franks controlled the region from the 4th to the 8th century, and it became part of Charlemagne's empire in the 8th and 9th centuries.

The Counts of Holland

Under the Union of Utrecht the seven northern provinces became the United Provinces of the Netherlands.

Philip II of Spain

The area later passed into the hands of Burgundy and the Austrian Hapsburgs and finally in the 16th century came under Spanish rule.

William of Orange

When Philip II of Spain suppressed political liberties and the growing Protestant movement in the Netherlands, a revolt led by William of Orange broke out in 1568.

1579 - Union of Utrecht

Under the Union of Utrecht the seven northern provinces became the United Provinces of the Netherlands.

A small history of the Tulip in Holland

The botanist Clusius met de Busbecq, who was ambassador in Constantinopel. He distributed many bulbs of tulips to this friends in the Netherlands. So the tulip came to Holland.

The Siege and Relief of Leyden

The Siege and Relief of Leyden occurred during the 80 Years' War in 1573 and 1574, when the Spanish attempted to capture the city of Leyden.

Dutch 17th century architecture

Dutch Renaissance, succeeded by the severe classicism of the middle of the century, set the style in large areas of northern Europe in the 17th century.

Dutch Herring, Hollandse Nieuwe Haring

A typical Dutch snack is "Hollandse Nieuwe", Raw Dutch Herring. It can be bought at street-side herring fish stalls.

Valkhof Nijmegen

Though Karel had many palaces in various parts of his realm, his favorite residence was at Nijmegen. Here, on the splendid plateau overlooking the Waal River, and on the site of the old Roman castle, he built the Valkhof.



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